• Effect of Silicon Fertilization on Growth, Yield, and Nutrient Uptake of Rice. (2016) Pati, S., B. Pal, S. Badole, G. Hazra & B. Mandal. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 47(3): 284-290 | DOI: 10.1080/00103624.2015.1122797
  • Influence of Zeolite, Selenium and Silicon upon Some Agronomic and Physiologic Characteristics of Canola Grown Under Salinity. (2016) Bybordi, A. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. DOI:10.1080/00103624.2016.1146898
  • Soil application of silicon reduces yellow stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker) damage in rice. Jeer, M., U.M. Telugu, S.R.  Voleti, & A.P Padmakumari. (2016). Journal of Applied Entomology. doi: 10.1111/jen.12324
  • Use of water treatment residue containing polysilicate-iron to stabilize arsenic in flooded soils and attenuate arsenic uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants. (2016). Suda, A., B. K. Baba, I. Akahane & T. Makino. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 62(2):111-116
  • Silicon: Potential to promote direct and indirect effects on plant defense against arthropod pests in agriculture. Reynolds, O.L., Padula, M.P., Zeng, R., & Gurr, G.M. (2016). Frontiers in Plant Science, 7(744):1-13. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.00744


  • The effects of the application of foliar sprays with stabilized silicic acid: An overview of the results from 2003-2014. Laane, HM. (2017) Silicon. 9(6), 803-807.https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-016-9466-0.
  • Silicate reduces cadmium uptake into cells of wheat. 2016. Greger M. Kabir A. H., Landberg T., Maity P. J. & Lindberg S. Environmental Pollution 211: 90-97.
  • Comparison of silicon nanoparticles and silicate treatment in fenugreek. 2017. Nazaralian S., Majd A., Irian S., Najafi F., Ghahremaninejad F., Landberg T. & Greger M.  Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 115: 25-33.
  • Silicon supplementation alters the composition of herbivore induced plant volatiles and enhances attraction of parasitoids to infested rice plants. Liu, J., Zhu, J., Zhang, P., Han, L., Reynolds, O., Zeng, R., Wu, J., Shao, Y., You, M., & Gurr, G.M. (2017). Frontiers in Plant Science, 8(1265):1-8. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01265
  • Silicon mitigates biotic stresses in crop plants: A review. Bakhat, H.F., Bibi, N., Zia, Z., Abbas, S., Hammad, H.M., Fahad, S., Ashraf, M.R., Shah, G.M., Rabbani, F. & Saeed, S. (2018) Crop Protection.  104:21-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2017.10.008
  • Effect of Silicate Slag Application on Wheat Grown Under Two Nitrogen Rates. White, B., Tubana, B.S., Babu, T., Mascagni, H., Agostinho, F., Datnoff, L.E. & Harrison, S. (2017). Plants. 6(4):47. doi:10.3390/plants6040047


  • Physiological and proteomic analysis in chloroplasts of Solanum lycopersicum L. under silicon efficiency and salinity stress. Muneer, S., Y.G. Park, A. Manivannan, P. Soundararajan, & B.R. Jeong. (2014). International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 15(12), 21803-21824.
  • Provision of nitrogen as ammonium rather than nitrate increases silicon uptake in sugarcane. Keeping; M.G., R.S. Rutherford, C. Sewpersad, & N. Miles. (2014). AoB PLANTS doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plu080
  • A contemporary overview of silicon availability in agricultural soils. Haynes, R.J. (2014). Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 177(6), 831-844.
  • Silicon potentiates the activities of defense enzymes in the leaf sheaths of rice plants infected by Rhizoctonia solani. (2014) Schurt, D.A., M.F.A. Cruz, K.J.T. Nascimento, M.C.C. Filippi, & F.A. Rodrigues. Tropical Plant Pathology 39:457-463
  • Soybean resistance to Cercopora sojina infection is reduced by silicon. (2014) Nascimento, K.J.T., D. Debona, S.K. França, M.G.M. Gonçalves, F.M. DaMatta, & F.A. Rodrigues. Phytopathology 104:1183-1191
  • Aspectos microscópicos da interação feijoeiro-Colletotrichum lindemuthianum mediados pelo silício. (2014) Cruz, M.F.A., L. Araujo, L.R. Polanco, & F.A. Rodrigues. Bragantia 73:284-291
  • Physiological responses of rice plants supplied with silicon to Monographella albescens infection. (2014) Tatagiba, S.D., F.A. Rodrigues, M.C.C. Filippi, G.B. Silva, & L.C. Silva. Journal of Phytopathology 162:596-606
  • Phenylpropanoid pathway is potentiated by silicon in the roots of banana plants during the infection process of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. (2014) Fortunato, A. A., W.L. Da Silva, & F.A. Rodrigues. Phytopathology 104:596-603
  • Effect of foliar-applied potassium silicate on coffee leaf infection by Hemileia vastatrix. (2014) Carré-Missio, V., F.A. Rodrigues, D.A. Schurt, R.S. Resende, N.F.A. Souza, D.C. Rezende, W.R. Moreira, & L. Zambolim. Annals of Applied Biology 164:396-403
  • The effect of silicon on antioxidant metabolism of wheat leaves infected by Pyricularia oryzae. (2014) Debona, D., F.A. Rodrigues, J.A. Rios, K.J.T. Nascimento, & L.C. Silva. Plant Pathology 63:581-589
  • Photosynthetic gas exchange in leaves of wheat plants supplied with silicon and infected with Pyricularia oryzae. (2014) Rios, J.A., F.A. Rodrigues, D. Debona, & L.C. Silva. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 36:371-379
  • Capacidade fotossintética de plantas de algodoeiro infectadas por ramulose e supridas com silício. (2014) Guerra, A.M.N.M., F.A. Rodrigues, T.C. Lima, P.G. Berger, A.F. Barros, & Y.C.R. Silva. Bragantia 73:50-64
  • Photosynthetic gas exchange and antioxidative system in common bean plants infected by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and supplied with silicon. (2014) Polanco, L.R., F.A. Rodrigues, K.J.T. Nascimento, M.F.A. Cruz, C.R.S. Curvelo, F.M. DaMatta, & F.X.R. Vale. Tropical Plant Pathology 39:35-42
  • Rice grain resistance to brown spot and yield are increased by silicon. (2014) Dallagnol, L.J., F.A. Rodrigues, M.V.B. Mielli, & J.F. Ma. Tropical Plant Pathology 39:56-63
  • Soybean resistance to Phakopsora pachyrhizi as affected by Acibenzolar-S-Methyl, jasmonic acid and silicon. (2014) Cruz, M.F.A., F.A. Rodrigues, A.P.C. Diniz, M.A. Moreira, & E.G. Barros. Journal of Phytopathology 162:132-136
  • Leaf gas exchange and chlorophyll a fluorescence in wheat plants supplied with silicon and infected with Pyricularia oryzae. (2014) Aucique-Perez, C.E., F.A. Rodrigues, W.R. Moreira, & F.M. DaMatta. Phytopathology 104:143-149
  • Management of anthracnose in common bean by foliar sprays of potassium silicate, sodium molybdate, and fungicide. (2014) Polanco, L.R., F.A. Rodrigues, E.N. Moreira, H.S.S. Duarte, I.S. Cacique, L.A. Valente, R.F. Vieira, T.J. Paula Júnior, & F.X.R. Vale. Plant Disease 98:84-89


Peer-reviewed  journal articles relating to Si in Agriculture & Related Disciplines published since our inception held in 2014 to the most currrent.​
  • Análise microscópica da resistência do arroz à queima das bainhas mediada pelo silício. Schurt, D.A., R.D. Reis, L. Araujo, V.C. Missio, & F.A. Rodrigues. (2015). Bragantia. 74:93-101
  • Histochemical aspects of wheat resistance to leaf blast mediated by silicon. Da Silva, W.L., M.F.A. Cruz, A.A. Fortunato, & F.A. Rodrigues. (2015). Scientia Agricola. 72:322-327
  • Effects of silicon on the penetration and reproduction events of Meloidogyne exigua on coffee roots. Silva, R.V., R.D.A.L. Oliveira, P.S. Ferreira, D.B. Castro, & F.A. Rodrigues. (2015). Bragantia. 74:196-199
  • Microscopic aspects of the colonization of Pyricularia oryzae on the rachis of wheat plants supplied with silicon. Cruz, M.F.A., L.A.F. Silva, J.A. Rios, D. Debona, & F.A. Rodrigues. (2015). Bragantia. 74:207-214
  • Photosynthetic gas exchange in common bean submitted to foliar sprays of potassium silicate, sodium molybdate and fungicide and infected with Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Rodrigues, F.A., R. Leonora, H.S.S. Duarte, R.S. Resende, & F.X.R. Vale. (2015). Journal of Phytopathology 163:554-559
  • Potentiation of defense-related gene expression by silicon increases wheat resistance to leaf blast. Cruz, M.F.A., D. Debona, J.A. Rios, E.G. Barros, & F.A. Rodrigues. (2015). Tropical Plant Pathology 40:394-400Silicon as versatile player in plant and human biology: overlooked and poorly understood. Farooq, M.A., & K-J. Dietz. (2015). Frontiers in Plant Science. 6:1-14 Article #994
  • Silicification in leaves of sorghum mutant with low silicon accumulation. Markovich, O., S. Kumar, D. Cohen, S. Addadi, E. Fridman, & R. Elbaum. (2015). Silicon. doi:10.​1007/​s12633-015-9348-x
  • Influence of silicon on arsenic uptake and toxicity in lettuce. Greger, M., C. Bergqvist, A. Sandhi, & T. Landberg. (2015). Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality. 88: 234-240  DOI 10.5073/JABFQ.2015.088.034
  • Silicon decreases cadmium and arsenic in field grown crops. Greger, M., & T. Landberg. (2015). Silicon. DOI 10.1007/s12633-015-9338-z
  • The potential for carbon biosequestration in China’s paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) as impacted by slag-based silicate fertilizer.  Song, A., D. Ning, F. Fan, Z. Li, M. Provance-Bowley, & Y. Liang.  (2015). Scientific Reports, 5:1-12. article # 17354.
  • Forms and fluxes of potential plant-available silicon in irrigated lowland rice production (Laguna, the Philippines). Klotzbücher, T., F. Leuther, A. Marxen, D. Vetterlein, F.G. Horgan, & R. Jahn. (2015). Plant and Soil, 1-15.
  • Silicon treatment in oil palms confers resistance to basal stem rot disease caused by Ganoderma Boninense. Najihah, N.I., M.M. Hanafi, A.S. Idris, & M.A. Hakim. (2015). Crop Protection, 67:151-159
  • High levels of silicon provided as a nutrient in hydroponic culture enhances rice plant resistance to brown plant hopper. He, W., M. Yang, Z. Li, J. Qiu, F. Liu, X. Qu, Y. Qiu, & R. Li. (2015). Crop Protection, 67:20-25
  • Silicon-based life in the solar system. Peng, S. (2015). Silicon, 7:1-3
  • Exogenous application of silicon at the boot stage decreases accumulation of cadmium in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grains. Hussain, I., M.A. Ashraf, R. Rasheed, A. Asghar, M.A. Sajid, & M. Iqbal, M. (2015). Brazilian Journal of Botany, 1-12.
  • Silicon-mediated resistance of Arabidopsis against powdery mildew involves mechanisms other than the salicylic acid (SA)-dependent defence pathway. (2015) Vivancos, J., C. Labbé, J.G. Menzies, & R.R. Bélanger. Molecular Plant Pathology 16:572-582
  • Aquaporins mediate silicon transport in humans. (2015) Garneau, A.P., G.A. Carpentier, A.-A. Marcoux, R. Frenette-Cotton, C.F. Simard, W. Rémus-Borel, L. Caron, M. Jacob-Wagner, M. Noël, J.J. Powell, R.R. Bélanger, F. Côté, & P. Isenring. PloS one. 10(8), e0136149
  • Molecular evolution of aquaporins and silicon influx in plants. (2015) Deshmukh, R.K. & R.R. Bélanger. Functional Ecology. 10.1111/1365-2435.12570
  • A precise spacing between NPA domains of aquaporins is essential for silicon permeability in plants. (2015) Deshmukh, R.K., J. Vivancos, G. Ramakrishnan, V. Guérin, G. Carpentier, H. Sonah, C. Labbé, P. Isenring, F. Belzile, & R.R. Bélanger. The Plant Journal. 83:489-500
  • The effect of seasonal variations, covariations with minerals and forage value on Itchgrass’ foliar silicification from Sudanian Benin. (2015) Kindomihou MV., B. Sinsin, R.Y.A. Holou, J.M.K Ambouta, W. Gruber, S. Adjolohoun, M. Houinato, J. Herbauts, J. Lejoly, & P. Meerts. Silicon DOI 10.1007/s12633-015-9355-y
  • Effects of silicon on resistance to bacterial fruit blotch and growth of melon. (2015) Ferreira, H.A., C.W.A. do Nascimento, L.E. Datnoff, G.H. de Sousa Nunes, W. Preston, E.B. de Souza, & R.D.L.R. Mariano. Crop Protection. 78: 277-283